Religion: Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, Maronite, Armenian Apostolic, and other 4%
The more important church in Cyprus, the church of Cyprus, is a autocephalous church in the orthodox delivery that uses the Greek operation. It recognized the antiquity and the prestige of ecumenical patriarch in Istamboul, maintaining the complete administrative autonomy under his Archbishop. The big schism, the split between catholic and orthodox became known, had important consequences for the church of Cyprus. According to Lusignan and the rule, the church of Cyprus was pressed in order to it recognizes the beginning of Rome priest. The imposed hierarchy tried in the remould church of Cyprus in the picture of western church. Under the Moslem Ottomans, Cypriot were not considered more schismatic, but only unbelievers and partisans of more inferior religion. Under ayti'n.ti form they were allowed the particular autonomy, and the Archbishop he was the officially recognized secular as well as religious leader of his community. Under the British’s, existed a effort all the public institutions, but this movement bitterly from the beginning of churches, what used the conflict with the state in order to they adversely gain the leadership of Greek nationalistic locomotion in the colonial rule. In the independence the Archbishop Makarios III, a youth, western-educate previous monk, were elected the Chairman of democracy, that supports this place up to his death in 1977, his successor, Archbishop Chrysostomos, she was still head of church of Cyprus in the beginning of decade ' 90. He was conservative leader, and in religiously and political subjects, for a church that had not been submitted never in the reforms similar with those that were established by the second Council Vatican on the Rome temple.
The church was constituted from time from four episcope sees: the archdiocese of Nicosia, and metropolitan Paphos, Kition, and Kyrenia. New metropolitical were created from Makarios in 1973 for Limassol and Morphou, with assistant of bishop, or auxiliary, bishop in the salamis under the Archbishop. A bishop should have been graduate of orthodox theological faculty in Greece and have been at least thirty years. Since the orthodox bishops were put under oath in a oath of celibacy and the clergy of communities was usually wedded, the bishops were recruits from the monasteries despite the churches of communities. The bishops were not named by the Archbishop, but, as, they were elected via a system granting the representation in popular (not clergymen), other bishops, abbots, and the regular clergy.
The individual churches, the monasteries, the bishoprics, and the charitable educational institutions that were organised by the church of Cyprus were independent legal persons that enjoy such rights and obligations as the property of exploitation. In return of many grounds of churches that were acquired by the government, the government undertook the responsibility for the wage of churches. The clergy of communities, traditionally wedded individuals that were selected by their fellow villagers, send for the concise training before the ordination. In the twentieth century, modernizers, the more specifically Archbishop Makarios, they contributed in the aid of quality and the training of priests in the Cypriot question faculty in the Nicosia.
The monasteries of Cyprus were always very important in the church of Cyprus. Up to the twentieth century that many had it was found a lot in the destructions, but their attributes they were between the more important actions of church, the bigger landowner of island. Even if the number of nuns decreased itself in the post-war season, in the beginning of decade 90 existed at least ten actively ' monasteries in the government-check regions.
In the orthodox church, ritual was in a big extent the centre of activity of church, for the orthodox doctrine underlines the mystery of lenience of God despite the salvation via the work and the knowledge. Seven mysteries are recognized: the christening in the children's age, that was followed by the confirmation with oil, the punishment, the Eucharist, matrimony, the ordination, and unction in periods of illness or when it is near in the death.